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  • 魏路,史丽萍,曹静.新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间上海地区基层医务工作者心理现状分析[J].同济大学学报(医学版),2020,41(2):155-160.    [点击复制]
  • WEI Lu,SHI Li-ping,CAO Jing.Psychological status of primary care workers during the COVID-19 epidemic in Shanghai[J].同济大学学报(医学版),2020,41(2):155-160.   [点击复制]
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新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情期间上海地区基层医务工作者心理现状分析
魏路,史丽萍,曹静
0
(上海市普陀区真如镇街道社区卫生服务中心,上海20033;同济大学附属第十人民医院精神心理科,上海20007)
摘要:
目的了解新型冠状病毒肺炎(coronavirus disease 2019, COVID-19)疫情期间承担基层工作的一线医务工作者心理现状,分析其影响因素。方法采用患者健康问卷抑郁症状量表(PHQ-9)、广泛性焦虑障碍量表(GAD-7)、匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表(PSQI)对上海市2200名承担疫情防控工作的基层医疗卫生服务机构的临床医生、护士、防保人员、行政人员等进行调查。结果回收有效问卷2150份,其中44%、43%、36%的医务工作者存在抑郁、焦虑、睡眠问题。医务工作者抑郁、焦虑情绪与睡眠质量呈正相关。女性、年龄<40岁、工作年限少于15年、防保人员及行政人员更易产生抑郁、焦虑情绪及睡眠障碍。结论COVID-19疫情期间,上海地区基层医务工作者抑郁、焦虑情绪与睡眠质量呈正相关,特定的医务工作者更易产生抑郁、焦虑情绪及睡眠障碍,应针对目标人群给予更多社会关注与支持。
关键词:  新型冠状病毒肺炎  患者健康问卷抑郁症状量表  广泛性焦虑障碍量表  匹兹堡睡眠质量指数量表
DOI:10.16118/j.1008-0392.2020.02.003
投稿时间:2020-03-16
基金项目:
Psychological status of primary care workers during the COVID-19 epidemic in Shanghai
WEI Lu,SHI Li-ping,CAO Jing
(Zhenru Community Health Service Center, Putuo District, Shanghai 200333, China;Dept. of Psychology,Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200072, China)
Abstract:
ObjectiveTo survey the psychological status of the medical workers at the primary health service institutions during the COVID-19 epidemic. MethodsTotal 2200 physicians, nurses, preventive workers and administrators in Shanghai primary health care institutions participated in the survey. Their psychological status during the COVID-19 epidemic was assessed with Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). ResultsAmong 2150 participants, 44%, 43% and 36% of whom had depression, anxiety and sleep problems, respectively. There was a positive correlation of depression and anxiety with the sleep disorders. The female staff, those with age under 40 years and work experience <15 years, preventive workers and administrators were more likely to have depression, anxiety and sleep disorders. ConclusionThe study has reveals that there are quite a proportion of staff in Shanghai primary health care institutions having psychological problems during the COVID-19 epidemic, more social attention and support should be given to the target population.
Key words:  coronavirus disease 2019  PHQ-9  GAD-7  PSQI

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