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  • 牛文鑫,单绵佳,齐燕,等.脊髓损伤康复中的支撑-驱动生物力学问题[J].同济大学学报(医学版),2021,42(5):581-588.    [点击复制]
  • NIU Wen-xin,SHAN Mian-jia,QI Yan2,et al.Supporting-driving biomechanics in rehabilitation of spinal cord injury[J].同济大学学报(医学版),2021,42(5):581-588.   [点击复制]
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脊髓损伤康复中的支撑-驱动生物力学问题
牛文鑫,单绵佳,齐燕,解海霞
0
(同济大学智能康复临床研究中心,上海201619;同济大学附属养志康复医院脊髓损伤康复科,上海201619;同济大学附属养志康复医院社会工作部,上海201619)
摘要:
脊髓损伤是一种具有较高发病率和致残率的神经系统疾病。损伤导致患者日常活动的支撑-驱动模式改变,从而使得上肢与臀部的受力模式发生变化。生物力学因素导致一系列的并发症,如肩痛和压疮等,给脊髓损伤患者的康复增加了难度。有必要建立脊髓损伤患者活动的支撑-驱动理论,分析并发症的发生的生物力学机制,为脊髓损伤患者的康复研究提供新的角度,并为新型智能康复设备和辅具的开发提供依据。
关键词:  脊髓损伤  支撑  驱动  压疮  肩痛
DOI:10.12289/j.issn.1008-0392.21319
投稿时间:2021-07-25
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2021YFE0204500);上海市卫健委中医药传承和科技创新项目(ZYKC2019032)
Supporting-driving biomechanics in rehabilitation of spinal cord injury
NIU Wen-xin,SHAN Mian-jia,QI Yan2,XIE Hai-xia
(The Clinical Research Center of Intelligent Rehabilitation, Tongji University, Shanghai 201619, China;Dept. of Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, Shanghai Yangzhi Rehabilitation Hospital(Shanghai Sunshine Rehabilitation Center), School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai 201619, China;Dept. of Social Work, Shanghai Yangzhi Rehabilitation Hospital(Shanghai Sunshine Rehabilitation Center), School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai 201619, China)
Abstract:
Spinal cord injury(SCI) is a serious nervous system injury with high rate of morbidity and disability. The injury causes changes in the supporting-driving mode of the patients daily activities, and alters the loading pattern of the upper limbs and buttocks. Biomechanical factors lead to a series of complications, such as shoulder pain and pressure ulcers, which increase the difficulty of rehabilitation of SCI patients. It is necessary to establish a supporting-driving theory for the activities of SCI patients to analyze the biomechanics of those complications. The supporting-driving theory provides a new perspective for the rehabilitation research of SCI patients and a basis for the development of new intelligent rehabilitation equipments and assistive devices.
Key words:  spinal cord injury  support  drive  pressure ulcer  shoulder pain

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