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  • 汪雅平,冯铁男,吴敏方,等.社区居民急救信息卡使用现况及需求调查[J].同济大学学报(医学版),2020,41(4):507-512.    [点击复制]
  • WANG Ya-ping,FENG Tie-nan,WU Min-fang,et al.A survey on the utilization status and demands offirst aid card among residents in community[J].同济大学学报(医学版),2020,41(4):507-512.   [点击复制]
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社区居民急救信息卡使用现况及需求调查
汪雅平,冯铁男,吴敏方,李瑶,蒲淼,姜成华
0
(同济大学医学院,上海 200092;上海交通大学医学院临床研究中心,上海 200025)
摘要:
目的 调查了解社区居民急救卡使用现状及需求意愿,提出急救卡方案设计优化建议。方法 采用自行设计的问卷调查表,根据上海市行政区域划分中心城区和郊区,2015年6月—2015年12月选取典型的城区、郊区各1个点,再分别从城区和郊区中随机选取2个街道社区居民进行问卷调查。结果 共发放调查问卷800份,有效问卷为727份,有效回收率为90.8%。33.1%的居民听说过急救信息卡,其中仅有44人(6.1%)表示自己或身边有人使用过急救卡。483人(66.4%)表示愿意随身携带或为家人办理急救信息卡,大多数居民(74.1%)愿意按照急救卡提示为患者提供帮助。相较而言,郊区居民(P<0.001)、女性(P<0.05)、自己或身边有使用急救卡者(P=0.001)更愿意使用急救信息卡,且愿意支付一定的费用。结论 社区居民对于急救卡的知晓率及使用率较低,急救卡的设计运营模式亟需完善,潜在急救服务需求有待满足。应以需求为导向,重点针对疾病高危人群,优化急救卡设计以更好地应用于院前急救环节中。
关键词:  急救信息卡  院前急救  社区居民  需求  现况
DOI:10.16118/j.1008-0392.2020.04.019
投稿时间:2020-02-11
基金项目:国家科技支撑计划(2014BAL05B06);国家自然科学基金(31870935)
A survey on the utilization status and demands offirst aid card among residents in community
WANG Ya-ping,FENG Tie-nan,WU Min-fang,LI Yao,PU Miao,JIANG Cheng-hua
(Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China;Clinical Research Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200025, China)
Abstract:
Objective To survey on the utilization status and demands of first aid card(FAC) among residents in community. Methods A questionnaire survey on the utilization and demands of FAC was conducted during June to December 2015 among residents from a Shanghai urban and a suburb community selected by convenient sampling method. Results A total of 800 questionnaires were distributed, of which 727 were valid with an recovery rate of 90.8%. The survey showed that 33.1% of residents had heard of the FAC, but only 44(6.1%) said they or someone around them had used it; 483(66.4%) participants expressed their willingness to have or apply the FAC for them-selves and their families; most residents(74.1%) were willing to provide help to the wounded and sick according to the information provided on the FAC. Suburban residents(P<0.001), women(P<0.05), or those who had used(P=0.001) were more willing to use the FAC, and to pay the related fee in some extend. Conclusion The awareness rate of the FAC among community residents is not high, and the utilization rate of FAC is extremely low. In order to better apply in pre-hospital first aid, it is necessary to optimize the design of the FAC based on the demand and focused on high-risk groups.
Key words:  first aid card  prehospital emergency care  community residents  demand  status

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