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  • 陈静静,王光花,彭 丽,等.中国南北方地区阴道试产孕妇不良母婴结局分析[J].同济大学学报(医学版),2019,40(4):501-506.    [点击复制]
  • CHEN Jing-jing,WANG Guang-hua,PENG Li,et al.Adverse outcomes in pregnant women with trial of vaginal delivery: a comparison of southern and northern China[J].同济大学学报(医学版),2019,40(4):501-506.   [点击复制]
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中国南北方地区阴道试产孕妇不良母婴结局分析
陈静静,王光花,彭丽,许炜晨,徐润平,张杰
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(同济大学医学院流行病学教研室,上海 200092;同济大学附属第一妇婴保健院科教科,上海 201204;上海市气象与健康重点实验室,上海 200135)
摘要:
目的 探讨我国南北方地区阴道试产孕妇不良母婴结局的差异,为不同地区制定适宜的孕产期保健管理措施提供依据。方法 回顾性分析2016年3月—2016年8月,南北方地区20家医院(南方9家、北方11家)产检并住院阴道试产的7741名产妇的临床资料,其中南方4143例,北方3598人,采用1∶1倾向性评分匹配法进行匹配,多因素Logistic回归分析比较南北方地区阴道试产孕妇不良母婴结局的差异。结果 南北方地区产妇的基线组间均衡性较好(P>0.05)。与北方地区相比,南方产妇患妊娠期高血压疾病(OR: 0.42,95%CI: 0.27~0.66,P=0.0002)、妊娠期高血压(OR=0.46,95%CI: 0.28~0.77,P=0.0031)、先兆子痫(OR=0.26,95%CI: 0.10~0.70,P=0.0077)、妊娠合并贫血(OR=0.29,95%CI: 0.23~0.36,P<0.0001)、产程延长需剖宫产(OR=0.07,95%CI: 0.01~0.53,P=0.0105)、产后感染(OR=0.11,95%CI: 0.04~0.38,P=0.0004)的风险较低;南方发生妊娠合并甲状腺功能亢进(OR=3.22,95%CI: 1.18~8.81,P=0.0226)、头盆不称需剖宫产(OR=3.01,95%CI: 1.46~6.23,P=0.0029)的风险更高;南北方产妇患妊娠期糖尿病、妊娠合并甲状腺功能减退、产后出血和产后输血差异无统计学意义(P均>0.05)。与北方地区相比,南方新生儿大于胎龄儿(OR=0.60,95%CI: 0.45~0.81,P=0.0006)比例降低;而静滴抗生素(OR=3.00,95%CI: 1.03~8.72,P=0.0436)和转入NICU/新生儿高危病房(OR=7.05,95%CI: 2.94~8.92,P<0.0001)的风险显著上升。结论 我国南北方地区阴道试产孕妇部分不良母婴结局存在差异,应有针对性地加强地区孕产期保健管理。
关键词:  不良母婴结局  倾向评分匹配  Logistic回归分析  南北方地区  阴道试产
DOI:10.16118/j.1008-0392.2019.04.019
投稿时间:2019-01-23
基金项目:上海申康医院发展中心三年行动计划项目(16CR1014A);上海市气象与健康重点实验室开放基金项目(QXJK201404)
Adverse outcomes in pregnant women with trial of vaginal delivery: a comparison of southern and northern China
CHEN Jing-jing,WANG Guang-hua,PENG Li,XU Wei-chen,XU Run-ping,ZHANG Jie
(Dept. of Epidemiology, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China;Dept. of Science and Education, Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai 201204, China;Shanghai Key Laboratory of Meteorology and Health, Shanghai 200135, China)
Abstract:
Objective To compare pregnant outcomes of pregnant women with trial of vaginal delivery between northern and southern China. Methods A total of 7741 pregnant women with trial of vaginal delivery, including 4143 from 9 hospitals in southern China and 3598 from 11 hospitals in northern China, were recruited from March 2016 to August 2016. The 1∶1 propensity score matching analysis (PSM) was used to match pregnant women between the northern and southern China. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to compare the differences of pregnancy outcomes among pregnant women with trial of vaginal delivery between the northern and southern China. Results The baselines of pregnancy women in northern and southern China were matched well by PSM (P>0.05). Pregnant women in southern China were at lower risk of developing hypertensive disorder complicating pregnancy (OR: 0.42, 95%CI: 0.27-0.66, P=0.0002), pre-eclampsia (OR=0.26, 95%CI: 0.10-0.70, P=0.0077), gestational hypertension (OR=0.46, 95%CI: 0.28-0.77, P=0.0031), anemia during pregnancy (OR=0.29, 95%CI: 0.23-0.36, P<0.0001), caesarean section (CS) for prolonged labor (OR=0.07, 95%CI: 0.01-0.53, P=0.0105), and postpartum infection (OR=0.11, 95%CI: 0.04-0.38, P=0.0004). However, the risk of hyperthyroidism (OR=3.22, 95%CI: 1.18-8.81, P=0.0226) and CS for cephalopelvic disproportion (OR=3.01, 95%CI: 1.46-6.23, P=0.0029) was higher than pregnant women in southern China. There were no significant differences in gestational diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, postpartum hemorrhage, and postpartum transfusion between pregnant women in southern and northern China (all P>0.05). Compared to neonates in northern China, neonates in southern China had a lower proportion of large for gestational age (OR=0.60, 95%CI: 0.45-0.81, P=0.0006); whereas, the risk of requiring intravenous drip of antibiotics (OR=3.00, 95%CI: 1.03-8.72, P=0.0436) and admission to the NICU (OR=7.05, 95%CI: 2.94-8.92, P<0.0001) increased significantly. Conclusion Some adverse pregnant outcomes of maternal and neonatal are significantly different between the pregnant women in southern and northern China.
Key words:  adverse maternal and infants outcomes  propensity score matching  Logistic regression  south and north areas of China  vaginal trial production

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